Hello again Ludwig
International standard ISO 13600, now withdrawn, is also worth reviewing. It attempted a coherent set of concepts to be used when describing energy systems in general terms. I do not know who initiated the standard or why it was withdrawn, but in my view it was a useful document. Some of the terminology selected by the standard is a bit obscure, so I suggest you abandon the actual vocabulary. For instance, an energyware describes what other authors variously name an energy carrier, energy vector, energy commodity, and generic fuel. Because the standard has been withdrawn, it is not possible to purchase it. Anybody wanting an electronic copy should contact me directly.
ISO (15 November 1997). Technical energy systems: basic concepts — ISO 13600:1997 — First edition. Geneva, Switzerland: International Standards Organization.
ISO (1 May 1998). Technical energy systems: basic concepts — ISO 13600:1997 — Technical corrigendum 1. Geneva, Switzerland: International Standards Organization.
Abstract: This International Standard gives the basic concepts needed to define and describe technical energy systems. It introduces the concept technosphere and its division into two sectors. The economic purpose of one of these is to supply the other with energy in the technical-economic sense, that is, energyware, to be distinguished from energy in the physical sense. The items included in that concept are given in a closed list. The standard prescribes the input-output model and the consolidation principle applied to technical energy systems. The outputs from the model are the intended product or service, the releases from the technosphere to nature, the use of natural resources and the associated exploitative impacts.
ISO (15 June 1998). Technical energy systems: structure for analysis: energyware supply and demand sectors — ISO 13601:1998. Geneva, Switzerland: International Standards Organization.
Abstract: This International Standard specifies a structure that shall be used to describe and analyze technical energy systems. It defines subsectors of the energyware supply and demand sectors, and furthermore defines a model structure for each subsector. This provides a set of standardized modules, according to which all data shall be organized and presented. The structure serves the same purpose in studies of technical energy systems as an accounting code plan does in bookkeeping. It is principally aligned with the structure of official international statistics (ISIC) in order to facilitate data acquisition.
The use of this structure facilitates the comparison between different studies of technical energy systems and permits partial results of one study to be used in other studies.
ISO (2009). Technical energy systems: methods for analysis: part 1: general — ISO 13602-1:2002 — Revision 2009. Geneva, Switzerland: International Standards Organization.
Abstract: ISO 13602-1 provides methods to analyze, characterize and compare technical energy systems (TESs) with all their inputs, outputs and risk factors. It contains rules and guidelines for the methodology for such analyses.
ISO 13602-1 is intended to establish relations between inputs and outputs and thus to facilitate certification, marking and labeling.
I would also recommend you look at Groscurth et al (1995). Although two decades old, this paper describes the fundamental structure that all engineering-based high-resolution models use today. The abstract NEMESS model described later became the basis for the deeco modeling framework. HTH, Robbie
Groscurth, Helmuth-M, Thomas Bruckner, and Reiner Kümmel. (1995) “Modeling of energy-services supply systems”. Energy. 20 (9): 941–958.