This is a seemingly easy question that I guess I want to complicate at my own will
Most of us who run OPF probably use operation cost of electricity distribution in the objective function. Typically we use an “all-inclusive” unit cost to encompass whatever operation costs there maybe. But have you ever thought about what constitutes this operation cost, maybe from the network operator’s point of view?
I come to think that this might be an important consideration, especially if there are certain factors that influence the network operation cost from region to region. Maybe some of you who have close professional relationships with network operators can share some insights on this?